Call for Abstract
International Online Virology Congress, will be organized around the theme “Noble approaches to Virology and Enhance the Treatment by Future Healthcare”
Virology Congress 2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Virology Congress 2021
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
Register now for the conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.
Virology is a sub field of Microbiology which deals with the biology of viruses and viral diseases, including the distribution, physiology, molecular biology, biochemistry, clinical aspects, ecology and evolution of Viruses. Not only in humans have these viruses also caused serious diseases in plants and livestock. Viruses are distinct among microorganisms and extremely dependent on the host cell. Virus must grow within a host cell, and it must be viewed together with its host in any case of host defences, epidemiology and pathogenesis. The degree of effect of a disease depends on the degree of the virulence of a virus.
- Track 1-1Classification of Viruses
- Track 1-2Nomenclature of Viruses
- Track 1-3Properties of Viruses
- Track 1-4Isolation of Viruses
- Track 1-5Viral Replication
- Track 1-6Chronic and Latent Infections
Microbiology deals with the microorganisms which are not visible with our naked eye such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae and prions. These are simply known as 'microbes'. These microbes play key roles in our daily life such as in climate change, nutrient cycling, bio deterioration, nutrient cycling, biotechnology, food spoilage, and the cause and control of disease.
- Track 2-1Development of microbiology
- Track 2-2Classification of Microbiology
- Track 2-3Microbial Cultures
- Track 2-4Staining Techniques
- Track 2-5IMVIC Tests
The Novel Coronavirus disease is a recently emerging infectious disease. In humans, coronavirus cause respiratory tract infections that can range from mild to lethal effects. In older people, and those with underlying medical problems like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and chronic respiratory disease are more prone to serious illness. The Coronavirus spreads primarily through discharge from the nose or through droplets of saliva when an infected person sneezes or coughs. So it’s very important to practice respiratory etiquette. As of now there is no specific treatment and medication for novel coronavirus.
- Track 3-1Structure of Coronavirus
- Track 3-2Genome of Coronavirus
- Track 3-3Replication Cycle
- Track 3-4Diagnosis
- Track 3-5Prevention and Treatment
Clinical virology involves the study of viruses and virus-like agents that includes their classification, genetics and disease-producing properties. Clinical virology is very useful to know the epidemiology and spreading of viral diseases. By knowing the modes of transmission, treatment strategies can be invented. Whereas molecular virology deals with the viruses on a cellular and molecular level because viruses are sub microscopic parasites that replicate within the host cells.
- Track 4-1Epidemiology
- Track 4-2Modes of Transmission
- Track 4-3Treatment Strategies
- Track 4-4Sub Microscopic Parasites
- Track 4-5Virus-Host Interactions
Viral epidemiology is the study of occurrence and spread of viruses in population over time. The host, virus and specific environment for the growth are monitored to determine the dynamics of viral infections. The analysis influences the epidemiology of recently appeared viruses and infectious diseases in humans and other animals. Common diseases are Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Canine haemorrhagic disease and Respiratory syndrome in animals like horses.
- Track 5-1Spreading of Viruses
- Track 5-2Dynamics of Viral Infections
- Track 5-3Vector Control
- Track 5-4Control of Viruses
- Track 5-5Chemoprophylaxis
Viral immunology is the study of viral infections and their immune responses towards viral infections which can cause harmful effect on the functions of the cells. It also includes the topics such as role of cellular and humoral immunity in viral infections, factors responsible for the perseverance and reoccurrence of viral infections in the presence of immunity and concepts in the development of vaccines.
- Track 6-1Immune Responses of Viral Infections
- Track 6-2Cellular and Humoral Immunity
- Track 6-3Development of Vaccines
- Track 6-4Immunization Control
- Track 6-5Interferon Therapy
Viral oncology is a branch of oncology which deals with the treatment of human tumours and cancer with virus particles. Roughly 20% of all cancers results from chronic infections in worldwide. Up to 15% of human diseases are described by a viral histology with higher frequency in the developing countries. Recently, the infectious nature of specific tumours has important implications in their prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Now there are many kinds of research and experiments going in viral oncogenesis for treatment of malignancy.
- Track 7-1Treatment of Human Tumors and Cancer with Viral Particles
- Track 7-2Viral Oncogenesis
- Track 7-3Chronic Infections
- Track 7-4Malignancy
- Track 7-5Chemotherapy
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a lent virus that causes HIV infection and in latent stage it develops to AIDS. Diagnosis is done by testing the human blood or saliva for antibodies to the virus. HIV, AIDS, clinical trials are research studies are performed in order to have a better approach, distinguish and treat HIV, AIDS. Clinical trials are the chief way to examine if new medical approaches to HIV, AIDS are safe and effective in people.
- Track 8-1Retroviruses
- Track 8-2Antigenic Nature of Viruses
- Track 8-3Transmission of Viruses
- Track 8-4Diagnosis of Diseases
- Track 8-5Clinical Trails
Neurologic viral diseases are one of the most important field that denotes the connection of virology, clinical neuroscience, molecular biology and immunology. The main aim of this field is to investigate the viruses which can damage the nervous system. There is also an additional study of this division, for gene therapy, to eliminate detrimental populations of neural cells and the use of some viruses to trace neuroanatomical pathways.
- Track 9-1Nervous System
- Track 9-2Clinical Neuroscience
- Track 9-3Neurological Virology
- Track 9-4Gene Therapy
- Track 9-5Neural Cells
- Track 9-6Neuroanatomical Pathways
Infections caused by viruses are common during childhood and adolescence. These infections have varied arrangements. Many infections may have particular clinical presentations that are specific to the infecting virus but present differently, based on the immunocompetence and age of the patient. In some children they are directly affected early in their lives and maternal disease results in an in utero infection (cytomegalovirus, rubella virus, or parvovirus B19). In some other cases viruses may infect children in a predictable pattern as they grow older (rhinovirus or influenza virus).
- Track 10-1Childhood and Adolescent Viruses
- Track 10-2Immunocompetence
- Track 10-3Utero Infections
- Track 10-4Influenza Virus
- Track 10-5Maternal Diseases
One of the most common viral infections that are out-breaking includes respiratory tract infections. The respiratory tract infections include the infection of throat, sinuses, lungs or airways. The respiratory tract infections (RTI) are generally classified into two subdivisions as Upper Respiratory tract infections (URTI) and Lower Respiratory tract infections (LRTI). The common viruses that are associated with respiratory disorders are coronavirus, adenovirus, Para influenza virus, Coxsackie virus, respiratory syncytial virus, and human metapneumovirus.
- Track 11-1Respiratory Tract Infections
- Track 11-2Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
- Track 11-3Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
- Track 11-4Coronaviruses
- Track 11-5Viruses Affecting Lungs
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. Many sicknesses and conditions can cause inflammation of the liver like alcohol, drugs, chemicals, and autoimmune diseases. Viruses such as mononucleosis and the cytomegalovirus can inflame the liver. However most of the viruses do not attack the liver primarily; the liver is just one of other several organs that the viruses affect. There are many types of hepatitis viruses and they are named as types A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G. The most commonly seen hepatitis viruses are types A, B, and C. These hepatitis viruses often used in a short form such as HAV, HBV, HCV to represent hepatitis viruses A, B, and C, respectively.
- Track 12-1Hepatitis
- Track 12-2Inflammation of Liver
- Track 12-3Cytomegalovirus
- Track 12-4Mononucleosis
- Track 12-5Autoimmune disorders
Viral gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection that includes the symptoms nausea or vomiting, fever sometimes, watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps. The most common way to spread viral gastroenteritis or stomach flu is through contact with an infected person or by consuming contaminated food or water. If you're healthy, you'll likely recover without any complications. But for infants, older people and people with impaired or unbalanced immune systems, this viral gastroenteritis/stomach flu can be deadly. There's no particular effective therapy for viral gastroenteritis, so prevention is key. Along with avoiding contaminated food and water, thorough and frequent hand-washings are your best defence.
- Track 13-1Viral Gastroenteritis
- Track 13-2Unbalanced Immune Systems
- Track 13-3Contamination of food and water
- Track 13-4Abdominal Cramps
- Track 13-5Complications
Antiretroviral therapy is an effective HIV treatment that uses a combination of two or more drugs. It does not cure the disease completely, but it can reduce the viral load to undetectable levels. This means the virus is not transmittable through sexual activity and a person’s immune system can recover. Antiretroviral therapy has a binary effect on the body. It increases the number of immune cells along with decreasing the number of virus cells present in the body.
- Track 14-1HIV Treatment
- Track 14-2Transmission of Diseases
- Track 14-3Combination of Drugs
- Track 14-4Antiviral Therapy
Most of the infectious diseases arise when microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites get contact with our bodies and make us sick. These sicknesses can spread from one person to another person. Coronavirus and Hepatitis are the common infectious diseases. Coronavirus cause respiratory tract infections that can range from mild to lethal effects. In older people, and those with underlying medical problems like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and chronic respiratory disease are more prone to serious illness. Hepatitis is defined by the tenderness of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. Hepatitis A is a severe irresistible infection of the liver instigated by the hepatitis A virus. HCV is contagious mostly by blood-to-blood contact linked with the intravenous drug. The IHV targets on the treatment of HIV/AIDS and many other chronic viral diseases such as Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, and the Human Papilloma Virus Infection.
- Track 15-1Infectious Microorganisms
- Track 15-2Coronavirus
- Track 15-3Cardiovascular Diseases
- Track 15-4Intravenous Drugs
- Track 15-5Human Papilloma Virus
Viruses are smaller and simpler in structure than unicellular microorganisms. They contain single type of nucleic acid either DNA or RNA but never both. As viruses have no mitochondria, ribosomes, or other organelles, they are completely dependent on their biological hosts for energy production and protein synthesis. They replicate only within host cells that they infect. Animal virology developed to control viral diseases in humans and in their pets. Viruses enter through surfaces into the animal body and then spread either locally on one of the body surfaces or through lymphatic and blood vessels to produce systemic infection. Adenovirus, Iridoviridae and African Swine Fever Virus, Herpesvirus, Papillomavirus and Polyomavirus are some of the major viruses causing diseases in cattle. However, there are several ways for their prevention, control, and eradication. The most commonly used control measure is the use of vaccines.
- Track 16-1Viruses in Animals
- Track 16-2Lymphatic Blood Vessels
- Track 16-3Adenovirus
- Track 16-4Herpesvirus
- Track 16-5Papillomavirus
The plant virus diseases are concerned with the cyclic development of viral diseases within plant populations in particular time and space. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) commonly infects a broad range of plants, especially tobacco and also other members of the Solanaceae family. It is a single stranded RNA virus. In the life cycle of viruses, entry of virus is the developing stage of infection; as the virus invades host cell and inject viral material into the cell.
- Track 17-1Tobacco Mosaic Virus
- Track 17-2Single Stranded RNA Viruses
- Track 17-3Entry of Viruses
- Track 17-4Cyclic Development of Viral Diseases within plants and agricultural crops
- Track 17-5Pesticides
The study of parasites that multiply within the bacteria by using the host biosynthetic machinery is known as Bacterial virology. The viruses that infect and replicate within bacteria are known as Bacteriophages.
Viruses that infect fungi are known as Mycoviruses. These mycoviruses have double-stranded RNA genomes and isometric particles, but 30% of them have single-stranded RNA genomes and positive sense. True Mycoviruses have an ability to be transmitted to the other healthy fungi.
- Track 18-1Bacterial Biosynthetic Machinery
- Track 18-2Bacterial Parasites
- Track 18-3Bacteriophages
- Track 18-4Fungal Parasites
- Track 18-5Mycoviruses
Viruses are intracellular pathogens that have developed many duplicitous strategies to evade host immune responses and, have plagued human health throughout history as a consequence. Combating viral diseases with antiviral drugs or vaccines, or both, is being a constant challenge. Even though successful strategies are discovered and employed, the high rate of genetic change exhibited by many viruses, particularly RNA viruses, often enables vaccine escape or drug resistance. This is intensified by the periodic emergence of new viral pathogens.
- Track 19-1Intracellular Pathogens
- Track 19-2Host Immune Responses
- Track 19-3Genetic Changes
- Track 19-4Drug Resistance
- Track 19-5Periodic Emergence of new viral pathogens
In simple words, viral immunology is the study of immune responses to viruses. A prolonged tissue-damaging effect resulting from an immune reaction against viruses is known as Immunopathology. Such situations most commonly involve determined viruses, which are oftenly mildly cytodestructive in the absence of an immune reaction. Chronic tissue damage is caused by viruses and later result in the development of an autoreactive and an oncogenic response occasionally.
- Track 20-1Tissue damaging effect
- Track 20-2Cytodestructive Reaction
- Track 20-3Chronic Tissue Damage
- Track 20-4Development of an Autoreactive and Oncogenic response
The current study in virology involves the investigation of the mechanism of HIV replication and pathogenesis. Diseases like Alzheimer's disease and HIV-1-associated dementia. Some other research involves chronic and latent infections which are caused by viruses such as Retrovirus, Herpes simplex and the retrovirus, Epstein-Barr and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus, scientists are also assessing viral-host interactions along with the viral induced cellular transformation mechanism. Drug-drug interactions happen when a drug interferes or interacts with another drug. The drug included should be doctor prescribed solutions, over-the-counter meds, and even vitamins and normal items.
- Track 21-1Mechanism of HIV Replication
- Track 21-2Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia
- Track 21-3Viral Induced Cellular Transformation Mechanism
- Track 21-4Drug-drug Interactions
- Track 21-5Chronic and Latent Infections